Global Skills Stream

Global Skills Stream

LMIA in Canada: Key Points

  1. Purpose: A document used by Canadian employers to hire foreign workers.
  2. Positive LMIA: Indicates a genuine need for a foreign worker when no suitable Canadian candidate is available.
  3. Application Process: Employers apply for an LMIA, and if approved, share it with the foreign worker for their work permit application.
  4. Exemptions: Some jobs bypass the LMIA process for easier hiring.
  5. Programs: LMIA is needed for the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) but may be bypassed in the International Mobility Program (IMP).
  6. Decision Body: Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) assesses the impact on the Canadian job market and other factors before deciding.
  7. Validity vs. Duration: LMIA’s validity pertains to the time allowed to use it for a work permit, while duration concerns the work permit’s length.
  8. Duration Types:
    • Temporary: For work permit applications only.
    • Permanent: For permanent residency, maxing at two years.
    • Combo: Suits both work permit and permanent residence needs.

In essence, an LMIA evaluates the need for foreign labor in Canada, considering the effect on the local job market.

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