Global Skills Stream
LMIA in Canada: Key Points
- Purpose: A document used by Canadian employers to hire foreign workers.
- Positive LMIA: Indicates a genuine need for a foreign worker when no suitable Canadian candidate is available.
- Application Process: Employers apply for an LMIA, and if approved, share it with the foreign worker for their work permit application.
- Exemptions: Some jobs bypass the LMIA process for easier hiring.
- Programs: LMIA is needed for the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) but may be bypassed in the International Mobility Program (IMP).
- Decision Body: Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) assesses the impact on the Canadian job market and other factors before deciding.
- Validity vs. Duration: LMIA’s validity pertains to the time allowed to use it for a work permit, while duration concerns the work permit’s length.
- Duration Types:
- Temporary: For work permit applications only.
- Permanent: For permanent residency, maxing at two years.
- Combo: Suits both work permit and permanent residence needs.
In essence, an LMIA evaluates the need for foreign labor in Canada, considering the effect on the local job market.
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