LMIA-Based Work Permits

LMIA-Based Work Permits

Overview of Labour Market Impact Assessments (LMIAs) in Canada

A Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) is a key document Canadian employers use to hire many foreign workers. It ensures that no qualified Canadian is available for a job, necessitating a foreign worker.

Steps and Key Points:

  1. Application: Employers apply for the LMIA and, if successful, provide it to the foreign candidate to support their work permit application.
  2. LMIA Need: Most foreign workers need both a positive LMIA and a work permit. However, certain jobs don’t need an LMIA, simplifying hiring.
  3. Programs: The Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) requires an LMIA, while the International Mobility Program (IMP) may not.
  4. Decision Makers: Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) decides on LMIAs, considering factors like labor market effects and wage rates. Their decision is then communicated to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).
  5. Validity vs. Duration: The LMIA’s validity (six months) is the time to apply for a work permit. The duration signifies how long the resultant work permit lasts.
  6. Employment Duration Options:
    • Temporary: Supports only a work permit application.
    • Permanent: Supports a permanent residence application with work permits valid up to two years (no extensions).
    • Combined: Supports both permanent residence and work permit applications.

It’s crucial to understand these aspects for smooth hiring and immigration processes.

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